Egg Facts

Natural Nutrition

The average large egg contains:

Protein Calories Choline Sugar Carbs
6 g 70 250 mg 0 g 0 g


Egg Facts

  • Are a nutrient dense food
  • Contain 13 essential vitamins & minerals
  • Contain all 9 essential amino acids
  • Are an excellent source of choline & selenium
  • Are a good source of vitamins D & B12, phosphorus & riboflavin
  • Are naturally gluten free
  • Are almost always kosher


(Source: American Egg Board, Egg Nutrition Center © 2017)

Egg Anatomy

  1. Thick Albumen – Excellent source of riboflavin & protein
  2. Shell – Outer egg covering made of calcium carbonate.  Can be white or brown, depending on breed of chicken.
  3. Chalazae – Twisted strands of egg white; anchors yolk to center of egg
  4. Shell Membranes – Two membranes (inner & outer) that surround the albumen.  Air cell forms between these membranes.
  5. Thin Albumen – Nearest to shell
  6. Yolk – Yellow portion of egg.  Color varies with feed of hen, but doesn’t indicate nutritive content.  Major source of vitamins, minerals & fat.
  7. Air Cell – Pocket of air formed at large end of egg, caused by contractions during cooling and after laying